Wondering how to make a threshold ramp for a senior with mobility issues?
It’s actually not as hard as it sounds!
In fact, if you follow our guide below, you can pull it off in 5 easy steps with just a few basic supplies.
Just keep reading to see how!
READ MORE: Wheelchair Ramps for Cars
Which kinds of wheelchair ramps are there?
Let’s very quickly go over the different types that you can build. We’ll keep it brief!
- Permanent and semi-permanent,
- Portable wheelchair ramp,
- Track ramps.
Permanent ramps are practical but bear in mind that some slopes, landings, and railings might require a specific height.
The question is if your wheelchair would fit some kind of the permanent ramp.
Portable ramps are great, as you can carry it with you wherever you go.
However, be careful, as the portable ramps have to be installed properly in the desired place.
Unevenly placed portable ramps might result in slipping off the surface, which might cause an injury.
How to Make A DIY Threshold Ramp
For people with mobility issues and seniors, getting in and out of the house is always a struggle. That’s where threshold ramps come in really handy!
While you can buy such a ramp at a store or online, making one means customizing it to fit the needs of the person who will be using it.
Plus, as promised above, it’s not really all that difficult. In fact, you can easily put one together on a Saturday morning!
Let’s start with some basics that you’ll need to know on how to make a threshold ramp before you start building one, then we’ll look at the steps.
How Do You Measure A Threshold Ramp?
When you are learning how to make a threshold ramp, one of the steps that you can’t afford to overlook is the size of the ramp.
When not done right, the doorway can be the most dangerous area for a senior or that person in a wheelchair.
Threshold ramps vary in terms of width and height. At the end of the day, you need to make a ramp that will fit the size of the doorway.
You also need to consider the elevation, and the length plays a major role in that.
The wrong elevation increases a senior’s risk of tripping. which could lead to serious injuries.
At the same time, the wrong elevation can make it hard for an older adult using a walker or a person using a wheelchair to get around easily.
So, how do measure a threshold ramp so that you can make one that doesn’t act as a tripping hazard?
When it comes to measuring the threshold ramp, three things need to be considered; the rise, length, and width.
Measure the Rise
The first thing you need to take into consideration is the rise in terms of inches from the available walking surface, the step or landing surface where you intend to install the ramp.
Here, you must measure the rise at every end of the threshold. You want to do this in case there are any variations whereby one side ends up being higher than the other one.
If that’s the case, then you can be ready to make a ramp that will accommodate the rise variations.
Check out the video below to learn more:
Measure the Width
The other measurement that you can’t ignore is the width especially when it comes to doorway thresholds for that smooth transition.
Usually, most threshold ramps come in widths of 32 to 36 inches which works for most standard door openings.
However, since we are talking about your DIY threshold ramp, measuring the width is vital.
Measure the Length
When it comes to threshold ramps, the higher the rise, the longer the ramp needs to be.
If the rise is about an inch or less, a threshold ramp extending about a foot onto the walking surface will do.
If the rise goes higher than that, though, you will need about two inches for the gradual as well as safe incline of the threshold ramp.
But what happens if the walking surface extends to meet the landing at a specific angle?
When that the case, you will need to determine how much space there is towards the walking surface so that you can make a ramp that will fit into that space.
What is the Proper Slope For a Threshold Ramp?
When it comes to choosing the right threshold ramp especially a wheelchair ramp or a DIY doorway ramp for someone with mobility issues, the slope matters just as much as width and length.
Experts actually talk about two different slopes: residential unoccupied and residential occupied. Those are fancy terms for “empty wheelchair” and “wheelchair that’s in use.”
Since we’re building a ramp for a senior to actually use, let’s assume we want “residential occupied.”
For a home ramp, a 2:12 slope or 9.5° of incline will suffice which means 12″ of ramp for every 2″ of vertical rise.
However, if you’re installing the ramp on a commercial property, a 1:12 slope or 5° of incline is recommended by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
What this means is you will need 12″ of ramp length.
Step by Step Guide for Making DIY Threshold Ramp
There are so many front door ramp ideas that you can borrow from when you are making your threshold ramp including making a concrete ramp.
We are, however, going to concentrate more on how to make a simple wood threshold ramp for a senior or wheelchair user in these step by step instructions
Step #1 Prepare your materials
When making a ramp for thresholds, the first thing you need is to assemble your materials and put them where they are easily accessible.
This includes a threshold ramp wood, a hammer, a saw, an electric drill, measuring tape, wood glue, and wood finish.
Step #2 Plan out where the ramp will be placed
You can use a marking spray to lay out the dimensions if you are placing the ramp outside and duct tape if you want one inside the house to ensure that you are not exposed to the marking spray fumes.
Another thing you need to do once you are sure where the ramp is going is to ensure that the area is clean as well as dust-free.
Step #3 Place a 2×8 on the door
You can either place it on the back or front door but make sure that it is securely screwed in.
After that, you can cut a tapered bevel of 45 degrees into 2×6-inch pieces before screwing them into your 2×8 on each side so that two wood pieces are coming out from the sides.
For maximum stability and to avoid slipping incidences, make sure that you secure them tightly using screws.
Step #4 Cut your 2×4 hardwood
Go ahead and cut two hardwood boards at an angle of 45 degrees before screwing them to the inside of the 2×8 you had placed on the door earlier.
Just like with the 2×6-inch pieces, make sure that these are also tightly secured to the boards.
Step #5 Finish up and test the ramp
The final step involves placing 36-inch deck boards on the already screwed on boards.
The boards will act as the walkway so, make sure that you screw the plywood sides tightly.
Once you are done, test the ramp by going over it several times until you are sure that it can withstand the weight.
The last thing you want is the ramp coming apart when it is being used because then you risk serious injuries on the person.
How to Build a Small Ramp for Wheelchair
If you are a disabled person who would want to learn how to build a small ramp for wheelchair, or you want to help someone from your family with the mobility, keep on reading the following paragraphs.
The good news is, the wheelchair ramps are much more common today than they were 20 years ago.
Persons with disabilities try their hardest to be as independent as possible. That is why they try to be on their own.
We want to stress out the Americans with Disabilities Act from 1990 (ADA), which mentioned wheelchair and handicap ramps in a way we know them today.
The act prohibits discrimination over people with disabilities while they are managing their everyday activities.
Thanks to it, public buildings built ramps that make them more accessible.
Properly constructed wheelchair ramps enable safe access to places which wouldn’t be accessible otherwise.
Here you have two options – to build or to buy a ramp.
We will explain to you how should you built it, as it is the harder part obviously.
A wheelchair ramp should fulfill the following requirements:
- It should be wide enough,
- Sturdy enough to bear the weight of a disabled person and a wheelchair,
- Make a slope that makes it easy to navigate a wheelchair.
Note that a recommendable slope ratio is 1:16 or 1:20.
ADA ensures the following stipulations of the wheelchair ramps:
- 36 inches is a minimum width of a wheelchair ramp,
- Install the edge protection to prevent slipping off it,
- Steeper ramps require handrails.
If you are wondering which material is the best for building a wheelchair ramp, we have a couple of suggestions. (source)
Wheelchair ramps are usually made of wood, as this is an inexpensive, yet efficient solution.
However, count on the fact that wheelchair ramps made of wood need some maintaining.
For example, you would need an additional non-slip protection.
Concrete is a more expensive material, but it is a great choice for people who are searching for a permanent solution.
Steel is also a good solution, but it is prone to corrosion.
Aluminum doesn’t corrode, is strong, and the most expensive solution, as it needs slipping protection too.
The material that you would pick for your ramp defines the procedure of building it.
We will show you how to build a wooden ramp, as it is the most common solution and universal example.
- Build the ramp in sections. Start with the landing section and then attach the other sections one by one. It would be great to use concrete anchor bolts for the first section.
- Further, provide support to it by installing support posts.
- Continue with the posts installing until you reach the last section.
- You should make sure that your last section finishes with a beveled transition.
- This transition is important when the wheelchair comes off the ramp and reaches the surface. It also neutralizes the possible bump while coming off the ramp.
Extra tips on how to build a small ramp for wheelchair
If you just want to build something very small and temporary, check out this guide.
- Use 2-by-6 lumber frameworks for electric wheelchairs, as they are pretty heavy,
- Screws are better than nails,
- Treat the wood with a varnish or sealer to prevent rot.
You should check if the ramp meets the ground.
Secure the level landing, or construct it to be a part of the ramp.
Bear in mind the stress on the motor of a power wheelchair, as it should be able to overcome possible steep surfaces.
What are the benefits of installing a wheelchair ramp?
- Minimize the risk of injuries
Disabled persons and elderly would feel more comfortable with going to a grocery store or any other place.
A wheelchair ramp would minimize the risk of injuries, as the ramp would help them move with more confidence.
It provides support and gives them confidence.
Luckily, portable wheelchair ramps make it possible to move easier not only in the comfort of your home and garden but everywhere you go actually.
Wheelchair ramps increase mobility.
- You can pick the material that suits your needs the most
As we mentioned above, people make wheelchair ramps out of many materials, such as wood, aluminum, concrete, etc.
You can even make a nice design that goes well with the design of your home and turn it into an interesting outdoor deck detail.
- They are easy to install
You’ve seen the steps to a wheelchair ramp in front of your house.
Things are pretty simple here.
You can also turn permanent into portable wheelchair ramps.
All you have to do is divide it into sections and carry them in your trunk wherever you go.
The main purpose of the wheelchair ramp is to improve the mobility of a disabled or elder person.
However, you can also save your time and effort by using a wheelchair ramp.
If you have some furnishing, groceries, equipment to transport, you can easily do the job with a help of the ramp.
- Resale value
If you would want to sell your house at some point in time, you can resale the value you invested in building the ramp.
Families with disabled or elder members would surely consider buying your house, as it is already adjusted to persons with special needs.
Wheelchair users and elderly persons who suffer from mobility issues need help getting by within the house and outside. A threshold ramp is a great addition to any home to make navigation easy.
While you can get a portable wheelchair ramp made of aluminum or rubber, as you can see it’s not really difficult to make your own.
Have you ever made a threshold ramp for your home? Share your tips below!
Dayna has an incredible passion for helping others and a background as an in-home caregiver for the elderly. She left the field temporarily three years ago to stay at home with her twins, but found that she really missed working with senior citizens. She launched LoAids as a way to help not just her own loved ones and former clients, but ALL seniors live life to the fullest in their golden years. Follow her on LINKEDIN and TWITTER. Read her LATEST POSTS. Learn more about her HERE.